|1969 : The Mysterious Firebird Ram Air Emblems
By 1969, Pontiac's "Ram Air" package had a very positive image on the street, and the setup was indeed proven to produce more horsepower.
Nearly every manufacturer in America had followed Pontiac in producing their own fresh air intake system. Names like Cowl Induction, Outside
Air Induction, Air Grabber, every manufacturer had realized that having a name for their cold air setup was an effective tool for selling their
performance cars. While Pontiac had coined the term "Ram Air", and the term had since become synonymous with Pontiac performance, as of
1968 there were no exterior markings or emblems announcing that a Pontiac had a Ram Air package. Sitting at a stoplight, a standard 1968
Firebird 400 would appear the same as a 1968 Firebird Ram Air II model, the only visible difference (from outside the car) being open hood
scoops. Pontiac decided to remedy that situation in 1969 by installing "Ram Air" (or "Ram Air IV") stickers on the hood scoops of all their Ram
Air and Ram Air IV equipped models. On the 1969 GTO, applying these stickers would be quite easy, as the hood scoop nacelles on the GTO
were bare. But on the 1969 Firebird 400, applying these stickers would be a chore, because all 1967-1969 Firebird 400's used die-cast "400"
emblems on the side of each hood scoop.
For the 1969 Firebird, Pontiac decided that all Ram Air equipped Birds (except the Trans Am) would have their die-cast "400" hood emblems
eliminated, and "Ram Air" or "Ram Air IV" stickers would grace the hood scoops. Unfortunately, this simple alteration required a production line
change. A hood slated to be installed on a Ram Air Firebird would not have holes punched for the "400" emblems, and Pontiac had to do some
manual cutting (via a reciprocating saw) of the underhood bracing on the passenger side of each Firebird Ram Air hood in order to allow the upper
foam seal to mate properly against the hood. With "Ram Air" or "Ram Air IV" stickers applied to the hoods of Ram Air equipped 1969 GTO's and
Firebird 400's, owners could proudly proclaim their Pontiac had Ram Air. But before Pontiac had the idea of using sticker callouts on the hood to
announce their Ram Air setup, there was a little known experiment that Pontiac Engineers and the Pontiac Styling Department came up with that
not many people know about....
Back in 2006, an E-Bay ad appeared listing strange die-cast "Ram Air" emblems. These emblems appeared to
be in the same font and style as the "400" hood emblems used on the 1967-1969 Firebird 400's, yet no one
seemed to know anything about them. Pontiac website forums were quickly buzzing with all sorts of theories.
It was suggested these emblems were made by an enthusiast back in the 1970's, others thought that perhaps
an aftermarket company made these emblems in the late 1960's. No one knew for sure, and the emblems
remained a mystery. But one gentlemen named Mike Ornellas thought otherwise, and bought the emblems off
the E-Bay seller. The seller claimed to have had an uncle who worked in Pontiac Research & Development
back around 1968, and claimed that the engineers made a few sets of die-cast Ram Air emblems for the
upcoming 1969 Firebird. When Pontiac opted to use Ram Air stickers instead of die-cast emblems, this
gentlemen simply bagged up the die-cast Ram Air emblems and took them home. As with many other
discarded Pontiac projects (such as the ill-fated 1972 GTO ducktail spoiler), the emblems that had been
produced were simply thrown into the parts bin. It sounded like a sea story, but then these emblems appeared
again, and even the experts were stumped.....
High Performance Pontiac Magazine ran an article on a 1968 Firebird Ram Air I wearing these same
mysterious "Ram Air" hood emblems, and noted Pontiac expert and author Thomas DeMauro remarked,
"Then there were the "Ram Air 400" emblems on the hood that we had never laid eyes on, yet looked eerily
familiar. They had the correct font and size for a Pontiac emblem, but why hadn't we seen them on other
Ram Air Birds? The owner, Don Happe of Flower Mound, Texas is researching it but after speaking with
Pontiac historian Jim Mattison, it appears that the emblem is most likely an aftermarket piece since he was
unable to locate any factory information to prove its existence."
Mike Ornellas, the gentleman that purchased the Ram Air hood emblems off E-Bay back in 2006, was kind
enough to remove one of his Ram Air emblems, and he forwarded me a few photos. The part number on the
back of one of his emblems shows 9796828. This part number does indeed exist in the 1968 Pontiac Parts
Manual (printed for the new 1969 models), and is listed as a "PLATE, hood name (Ram Air)". Apparently
these part numbers were only in the 1968/1969 Pontiac Parts Book, and were deleted soon after.
So yes, these truly are Pontiac emblems. It's unknown why Pontiac decided against using these hood
emblems, opting instead for Ram Air stickers, but excessive cost may have been the deciding factor.
The mysterious Ram Air emblems.
The 1968 Ram Air Firebird featured in
High Performance Pontiac Magazine
used the Ram Air hood emblems.
This 1968 Firebird appeared on E-Bay
in late 2009, wearing the controversial
"Ram Air" emblems.
Close up of the Ram Air emblem. It is unknown as to what Pontiac intended to do
with these emblems, but apparently they were intended to be used in conjunction
with the existing "400" hood emblem, as the locating pins do not line up with any
factory punched holes in the Firebird 400 hood (photo courtesy of Mike Ornellas).
On the back side of the emblem, we can see the Pontiac part number towards the
left hand side. Interesting to note that there is a third "nub" right on the "A"
towards the right hand side. It's unknown whether this was a locating pin or simply
excess material (photo courtesy of Mike Ornellas).
The Ram Air emblem installed on the hood of Mike Ornellas' 1968 Firebird
(photo courtesy of Mike Ornellas).
|1973 : The Rare 1973 GTO Ram Air System
In 1973, all GM A-body models (Chevrolet Chevelle, Buick Century, Oldsmobile Cutlass, and Pontiac Lemans) were redesigned from the ground
up. While sales were strong, not everyone liked the bigger body style. Along with the redesign, several things occurred in 1973 that seriously
affected the Pontiac GTO. Fans of open top motoring were saddened to learn that there would be no convertible A-bodies offered at all for 1973,
and performance enthusiasts were disappointed to see the GTO grow in both size and weight, yet the horsepower on the standard 455 GTO
engine remained unchanged from 1972. New EPA regulations had gone into effect for 1973 requiring new emissions devices such as the Exhaust
Gas Recirculation Valve (EGR) to be installed on all passenger vehicles to clean up the air. While the air smelled sweeter out the tailpipe, the EGR
valve, along with re-calibrated carburetors to lean out fuel mixtures, hindered performance. New federal noise regulations were enacted, which
not only tested vehicles at idle, but also at cruising speeds and at wide open throttle, and new federal standards went into effect requiring a 5 mph
impact-resistant front bumper, and a 2.5 mph impact-resistant rear bumper. In later years enthusiasts would refer to the 1973 models as "the year
of the bumper", as the A-bodies massive chrome bumpers appeared to "float" in front of the nose of the car. The Firebird was now the only
Pontiac left to use the revolutionary Endura bumper, a bumper that originally debuted on the 1968 GTO.
Despite all these setbacks, the new 1973 GTO still looked mean, and the new body style developed by Pontiac stood out from all the other new
General Motors A-body designs. One drawback of the GTO redesign was that the stylists could not carry over the 1971-1972 GTO style hood
scoops, because the 1973 Lemans hood had an aggressive ironing board riser in the middle, tapering to a bullet point at the front. Hood scoops
located at the leading edge of the hood were not possible, so the designers resorted to a type of scoop designed back in 1945 called the "NACA"
duct. The NACA duct was a low drag air intake based on the principle that air moving across a boundary layer (in this case, the hood) would dip
into the recesses of the surface area, allowing airflow into the inlet with none of the aerodynamic losses associated with a raised hood scoop. The
NACA duct had been used on cars before 1973 (most notably on Ferrari's), but perhaps the most over-the-top application was the triple-NACA
scoops used on the 1969 Shelby Mustang hood. Many automotive enthusiasts would later refer to the 1973 GTO hood as the one with "those
weird scoops that go into the hood", but in reality, the NACA scoops were (and still are) very innovative, and are widely used in NASCAR,
Formula 1, and many other forms of Motorsports today.
Underneath the unique 1973 GTO hood was some good news. While Pontiac had discontinued their 1971-1972 455 H.O. engine, a completely
new engine called the Super Duty 455 would replace the previous 1971-1972 455 H.O., and it would be available in the GTO, Lemans Sport
Coupe, and Grand Am. And more good news, an entirely new Ram Air setup was developed for these 3 models.
But just when production of the 1973 models began, things began to go very wrong for the GTO. The SD-455 engine failed its initial emission
certification, and would not go into production for several more months, and the new GTO Ram Air setup would also be delayed because it was
initially reserved only for the SD-455 powered cars. Then on November 30th, 1972, Pontiac management suddenly decided that the Ram Air
system would not be available on any GTO, Lemans Sport Coupe, or Grand Am models. Meanwhile, the SD-455 engine remained on hiatus
throughout the winter of 1972-1973, even though eager buyers had been placing orders for SD-455 powered GTO's. Then on March 19th, 1973
a Pontiac memo announced that the SD-455 engine would be cancelled for the GTO, Lemans Sport Coupe, and Grand Am, without Pontiac
having produced a single unit. To add insult to injury, this same memo that killed all hopes of a SD-455 GTO or Grand Am announced that the
SD-455 engine would be available for the 1973 Firebird Formula and Trans Am, as soon as the engine passed emission certification. If this wasn't
sad enough news for buyers that had waited months for an SD-455 GTO, a car that would never be built, CARS Magazine had tested a
prototype 1973 GTO SD-455, and in their April 1973 issue, awarded it the honor of "Performance Car Of The Year". They even made direct
references to the GTO's optional Ram Air setup, the SD-455 engine, and the availability of an M-20 4-speed transmission. Sadly, if readers were
to visit their local Pontiac dealer immediately after reading that CARS Magazine article, they would discover that the SD-455 had been cancelled
for the GTO, the Ram Air setup was not available as a production option, and the M-20 manual transmission would only be available on the 400
cubic inch GTO and Grand Am.
In the end, the very few Ram Air setups that were produced for the GTO and Grand Am were released into the Pontiac Parts bins. An estimated
10-12 Ram Air setups were reportedly sold over-the-counter through the Pontiac Parts Department.
The 1968 Pontiac Parts Manual with a highlight on the Ram Air emblems.
Interesting that these emblems were listed as a "PLATE", when "EMBLEM"
appears just above it.
The 1973 GTO Ram Air setup did not resemble the
previous Ram Air setups used on the 1969-1970 GTO's,
or the next generation system that appeared on the
1971-1972 GTO's. The 1973 Ram Air system was quite
unique (photo courtesy Horst Fiedler).
Viewed from underneath, the 1973 GTO Ram Air
setup appears similar to the system used on the
1970-1972 Trans Am's, but the 1973 unit used a
single solenoid (rather than the dual solenoids
found on the Trans Am) to open a trap door to
allow cool outside air to enter the air cleaner (photo
courtesy Horst Fiedler).)
This is an example of a 1973 GTO with the
production non- functional hood scoops. For Ram
Air, the backing plates (lighter areas) would have
been removed. An obvious issue with this setup
would have been unnecessary water accumulation
into the scoops while the car was stationary.
In its intended form, the factory 1973 GTO Ram Air setup would have
been quite effective. On the outside of the car however, the scoops could
not be seen in the car's profile. Hood scoop bulges had been a
trademark of all GTO's since 1964 (photo courtesy Horst Fiedler).)
The 1973 GTO Ram Air setup would have used a standard 14" x 3" air filter.
Noise levels would have been very low at idle, as air would have arrived at
the carburetor via the air cleaner's single snorkel breather. Rumors have
circulated for years that the reason this setup was cancelled was due to new
federal noise standards, but in reality it was a cost issue. Functional Ram Air
was available on the 1970-1974 Firebird Formulas, and the Formulas used
two large forward facing scoops located at the leading edge of the hood, so
noise regulations were obviously not a factor in the cancellation of the 1973
GTO Ram Air setup (photo courtesy Horst Fiedler).
From the 1974 Pontiac Parts Manual, this page shows the various pieces required to
install a 1973 GTO Ram Air setup. Note that some of the 1973 parts were carried over
into the 1974 shaker hood scoop design (photo courtesy Horst Fiedler).
|Pontiac's Ram Air Rarities (page 3)
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